7.Central African Republic (3.331)
After gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of autocratic leaders. The first multi-party democratic elections were held in 1993 when Ange-Félix Patassé was elected the president. The peaceful period did not last long though – in 2004, The Central African Republic Bush War began. Despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, fighting broke out between government, Muslim, and Christian factions in December 2012, leading to ethnic and religious cleansing and massive population displacement in 2013 and 2014.
Sudan suffers from several challenges. For much of Sudan’s history, the nation has suffered from rampant ethnic strife and has been plagued by internal conflicts including two civil wars and the War in the Darfur region. Sudan suffers from poor human rights most particularly dealing with the issues of ethnic cleansing and slavery in the nation. The Sudanese legal system is based on stringent Islamic law.
The Somali Civil War is an ongoing conflict that started in 1991 and lasts up to present. It grew out of resistance to the Siad Barre regime during the 1980s but in the course of time, many different factions, armed rebel groups and clan-based armed organizations have joined the conflict, competing for influence in the country. The war has claimed hundreds of thousands casualties so far.